Title IX

No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance. —Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972

Title IX is designed to eliminate sex discrimination in schools and education programs.

Many people associate Title IX with female athletes, because of the great strides made toward gender equity in athletic opportunities in schools since its passed into law, and with the anti-campus rape movement, because of the great attention made to college activists who have leveraged Title IX to force colleges to more effectively address student allegations of sexual misconduct and harassment.

However, Title IX is a gender-neutral law that seeks to eliminate sex and gender discrimination in many arenas. It also demands equity in career and technical education programs as well as STEM education; limits single-sex education programs that separate boys and girls based on gender stereotypes; protects students from being denied enrollment or excluded from school-based activities due to pregnancy or parenting status; requires schools to address sexual harassment. Title IX also requires schools to designate a Title IX coordinator, develop complaint procedures,and adopt a non-discrimination policy, all of which must be publicized.

Much progress has been made in addressing sex and gender discrimination in education programs since Title IX passed into law in 1972, but challenges remain, especially in the areas of enforcement and compliance.